Bans and/or fees on single-use plastic bags exist in hundreds of cities across the nation, such as Boston where it took effect last month, but statewide bans and/or fees exist in only two states and the District of Columbia.
- Hawaii after the County of Honolulu passed a ban in 2012, joining the state’s three other counties that had already done so
- California passed legislation in 2014 that was signed by Gov. Jerry Brown, but the law was subjected to a referendum two years later due to opposition by the plastics industry. Fifty-two percent of voters supported the legislation by approving Proposition 67 and rejecting Proposition 65 on Nov. 8, 2016.
- The District of Columbia enacted a nickel plastic and paper bag fee in January 2010, and it appears to have worked well.
However, it must be noted that more states ban local governments from enacting plastic bag reduction ordinances than those that have adopted them.